is an inflammation of the udder, almost always caused by germs but also
can be a result of injury. It can be very mild to extremely severe.
This type of mastitis is very common.
No visible changes in the milk or udder.
Clots in milk.*
Lumps in udder.
Hardness in udder.*
Repeated episodes of Mild Mastitis.
Swollen, painful udder.
Clots and or, blood in the milk.*
Reduced milk yield.
The doe may be off her food.
All the signs of acute.
Blood is present.
The udder may feel cold.
The doe will be off her feed.
The doe's temperature may be high.
A doe can have small clumps here and there in her milk and not have
A hard, or firm, udder could mean just "congested udder" and not mastitis.
You can have a small amount of blood in the milk and it not be mastitis.
if a doe has mastitis
at the clinical signs above to help determine. Also, trust your instincts
and knowledge of your own doe.
If you have dairy goats, you need to keep a California
Mastitis Test on hand at all times. You need to be able to test your goats for mastitis. See the your local livestock supplier or our Suppliers page from where to purchase this test.
Use the CMT (California
Mastitis Test) to help determine if your doe has mastitis. This test
kid is cheap and easy to find (see suppliers).
Anyone with even just one milking doe should own a CMT kit. Follow the
direction that come with the test. Please note, that since this test
is really designed for cows, the test will sometime indicate some thickening,
even if the doe does not have mastitis. When testing goats A trace or 1 reaction, when the mixture looks a bit slimy, is not significant. Normal goat milk can produce this, so you can ignore this reaction. If the mixture forms a distinct gel, the 2 reaction on some CMT charts, the goat probably has mastitis. Test your doe when you know
she is healthy and learn how the test should read for normal, this way
you'll know when something is abnormal.
Be aware that a
doe can have some blood in her milk and not have mastitis. Sometimes,
when a doe first starts lactating and the udder is becoming used to
it's new job and you may find a bit of blood here and there, as the
udder gets itself in working order. A doe can even has a small "clot"
or two, once and a while, and this is not mastitis.
sanitation before and after milking. Make
sure to wash the does udder before milking and dip her teats afterwards.
health husbandry and provide a stress free, clean environment.
Milk out and
strip out the infected udder as often as possible; every hour if possible.
This will help remove bacteria and toxins, reducing swellings and
improving blood supply.
Massage the udder
during milking (to get out as much milk as possible), and then after
milking massage for at least 5+ minutes with Molly's Herbal
Mastitis Massage Salve
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