kidding it is called Pregnancy Toxemia.
After kidding it is called Ketosis.
Pregnancy Toxemia/Ketosis is caused by a build up of excess ketones in the blood (urine & milk), due to the incomplete
metabolic breakdown of body fat. It occurs in a doe (before or after
kidding) because of an inability to consume enough feed to meet her
needs. Ketosis can be caused by either too much, or too little grain,
or the wrong type of grain and also poor quality hay/forage.
Before kidding, internal body fat plus large fetuses prevent the goat
from taking in enough calories to support both the doe and fetuses.
Because there is an urgent need for calories, the doe's body starts
breaking down her body's fat reserves. But this method of metabolism
is incomplete, and thus leaves ketones behind. Pregnancy Toxemia usually occurs within the last
six weeks of the doe's pregnancy and is usually attributable either
to underfeeding (starvation toxemia) or overfeeding grain. We also
believe that increased outside stress during the final weeks of pregnancy,
in conjunction with large, multiple kids can contribute to the occurrence
of Pregnancy Toxemia.
After kidding Ketosis
results from the doe producing higher milk yields than her body can
keep up with. Usually she is not being fed enough to keep up with her
doe eats less or stops eating completely.
Seperation from the herd
The doe may be slow to get up or may lie off in a corner.
Her eyes are dull.
Muscle tremors & seizures
She may have swollen ankles
She may grind her teeth.
The doe may breathe more rapidly.
The doe's breath and urine may have a fruity sweet odor. This is due to the excess ketones, which have a sweet smell.
excess body fat during early pregnancy and increase the caloric intake
in late pregnancy with a little more high energy feed (in moderation).
Try to eliminate stress on the doe if at all possible.
After kidding increase
grain as the doe's milk production increases.
Molasses & Karo syrup (corn syrup). Mix 2 parts corn syrup to 1 part molasses. 20 - 30ml every 2 hours. This tastes much better than PG and thus is less stressful
Propylene Glycol is an appetite suppressant and it inhibits rumen bacteria, so do not use unless the doe is off her feed.
3-4 oz (90-120ml) 2 times a day,
for 2 days, and then 1-2 oz (30ml-60ml) 2 times daily until the doe
is eating normally.
10 - 20ml every 2 hours
Personal Note: Ever since my scientist father pointed out that Propylene Glycol is extremely similar in composition to Anti-Freeze, I tend to avoid it if at all possible. I still with other, less harmful sugars.
Essential Oil: This is an aromatherapy treatment for stress and depression. The doe may get depressed
if she is not feeling well. Also, the drenching of Propylene Glycol
(which doesn't taste very good) can be stressful on the doe. Lavender
has a calming and mood lifting effect. Place 4 drops of oil in three
different places in the doe's stall twice a day.
Even through it
is the treatment for Milk Fever, I have found that it is also helpful
8 oz. given orally. Repeat 5-8 oz, three times a day until the doe is
eating and symptoms are subsiding.
SQ Injections of 40-60 cc of Calcium Gluconate. The injections should be broken down into at least 4 injections
in different sites. Do not give more than 10 cc per injection site. The injections
should be given slowly.
Once the doe has
regained her appetite, increase her grain ration so that a relapse does
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